Faecal incontinence, defined as the involuntary loss of solid or liquid stool, is a common problem affecting 0. Individuals suffering from faecal incontinence often live a restricted life with reduced quality of life. The present paper is a clinically oriented review of the pathophysiology, evaluation and treatment of faecal incontinence. First-line therapy should be conservative and usually include dietary adjustments, fibre supplement, constipating agents or mini enemas.
Rectal prolapse is a painless protrusion of the rectum through the anus. The rectum is the section of the digestive tract above the anus where stool is held before it passes out of the body through the anus. The anus is the opening at the end of the digestive tract where stool leaves the body. See also Overview of the Anus and Rectum.
The rectum is the final straight portion of the large intestine in humans and some other mammals , and the gut in others. The adult human rectum is about 12 centimetres 4. It terminates at the level of the anorectal ring the level of the puborectalis sling or the dentate line , again depending upon which definition is used. The word rectum comes from the Latin rectum intestinum , meaning straight intestine.